Iron (Fe3+)

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AIM: – To identify the given inorganic compound for its acidic and basic radical.

APPARATUS:- Chemical Reagent, Test Tube, Test Tube holder, Spatula

PROCEDURE:-

Preliminary Test:-

Experiment Observation Inference
Smelled the salt. No Ammonical smell. Ammonium absent.
Added dilute hydrochloric acid to the original solution. No Effect. Lead(II) may be present.
Added hydrogen disulphide, hydrochloric acid to the original solution. No Effect. Pb(II), Cu(II) , As(III) absent.
Added dilute hydrochloric acid, concentrated nitric acid and boiled solution. Then cooled it and added solid ammonium hydroxide. Reddish Brown precipitate formed. Fe(III) may be present.

Confirmatory Test:-

Experiment Observation Inference
Dissolved the precipitate formed with hydrochloric acid. Added potassium sulphocyanide. Blood red colouration. Fe (III)  confirmed.

Chemical Equations:-

Ionic equation:-

Fe3+(aq) + 3OH(aq) –> Fe(OH)3(s)( Reddish Brown)

Fe3+(aq) + 3HCl(l) –> FeCl3(aq) + 3H2O(aq)

FeCl3(aq) + 6KCNS(aq) –> K3[Fe(CNS)6](Blood Red) + 3KCl(aq)

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